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ReactJS | Testing

ReactJS | Testing


Hello folks! welcome back to a new section of our tutorial on ReactJS. In this section of our tutorial on ReactJS, we will be studying about ReactJS Testing.

Testing is one of the processes that ensure the functionality created in any application is working in accordance with the business logic & coding standard. React recommend React testing library to test react component & jest test runner to run the test. The react-testing-library allows the components to be checked in isolation.

It can be installed in the application making use of below command.

npm install --save @testing-library/react @testing-library/jest-dom

Create React app

Create React app configures React testing library and jest test runner by default. So, testing a React application created using Create React App is just a command away.

cd /go/to/react/application 
npm test

The npm test comand is similar to the npm build command. Both re-compiles when the developer changes the code. As soon as the command is executed in the command prompt, it displays below questions.

No tests found related to files changed since last commit.
Press `a` to run all tests, or run Jest with `--watchAll`.

Watch Usage
   › Press a to run all tests.
   › Press f to run only failed tests.
   › Press q to quit watch mode.
   › Press p to filter by a filename regex pattern.
   › Press t to filter by a test name regex pattern.
   › Press Enter to trigger a test run.  

Pressing a will try to run all the test script and finally summarizes the result as shown below -

Test Suites: 1 passed, 1 total
Tests:       1 passed, 1 total
Snapshots:   0 total
Time:        4.312 s, estimated 12 s
Ran all test suites.

Watch Usage: Press w to show more.


Testing in a custom application

Let's write a custom React application using Rollup bundler and test it using React testing library and jest test runner in this tutorial.

First, create a new react application, react-test-app using Rollup bundler by following instructions in Creating a React application tutorial.

Next, install the testing library.

cd /go/to/react-test-app 
npm install --save @testing-library/react @testing-library/jest-dom

Next, open the application in your favorite editor.

Next, create a file, HelloWorld.test.js under src/components folder to write test for the HelloWorld component and start editing.

Next, import react library.

import React from 'react';

Next, import the testing library.

import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'; import '@testing-library/jest-dom';

Next, import our HelloWorld component.

import HelloWorld from './HelloWorld';

Next, write a test to check the existence of Hello World text in the document.

test('test scenario 1', () => {
   render(<HelloWorld />);
   const element = screen.getByText(/Hello World/i);
   expect(element).toBeInTheDocument();
});

The complete code of the test code is given below -

import React from 'react';
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react';
import '@testing-library/jest-dom';
import HelloWorld from './HelloWorld';

test('test scenario 1', () => {
   render(<HelloWorld />);
   const element = screen.getByText(/Hello World/i);
   expect(element).toBeInTheDocument();
});

Next, install jest test runner, if not installed already in the system.

npm install jest -g

Next, run jest command in the root folder of the application.

jest

Next, run jest command in the root folder of the application.

PASS  src/components/HelloWorld.test.js
   √ test scenario 1 (29 ms)

Test Suites: 1 passed, 1 total
Tests:       1 passed, 1 total
Snapshots:   0 total
Time:        5.148 s
Ran all test suites.


Alright guys! This is where we are going to be rounding up for this tutorial. In our next tutorial, we are going to be studying about ReactJS CLI Commands.

Feel free to ask your questions where necessary and we will attend to them as soon as possible. If this tutorial was helpful to you, you can use the share button to share this tutorial.

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Thanks for reading and bye for now.

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