We now have a youtube channel. Subscribe

Bootstrap | Scrollspy Plugin

Bootstrap | Scrollspy Plugin


Hello folks! welcome back to a new edition of our tutorial on Bootstrap. In this tutorial guide, we are going to be discussing about Bootstrap Scrollspy Plugin.

The Bootstrap Scrollspy Plugin allows you target sections of the page based on scroll position. In its basic implementation, as you scroll, you can include .active classes to the navbar based on the scroll position.

If you want to add this bootstrap plugin functionality individually, you will need scrollspy.js. Otherwise, as mentioned in the tutorial Bootstrap Plugins Overview, you can add bootstrap.js or the manified bootstrap.min.js.

Usage

You can the add scrollspy behavior to your topbar navigation -

  • By utilizing data attributes - add data-spy = "scroll" to the element you want to spy on. And then include the data-target attribute with the ID or class of the parent element of any Bootstrap's .nav component. In order for this to work, you must have elements in the body of the page that have matching IDs of the links that you are spying on.
<body data-spy = "scroll" data-target = ".navbar-example">
   ...
   <div class = "navbar-example">
      <ul class = "nav nav-tabs">
         ...
      </ul>
   </div>
   ...
</body>
  • By using JavaScript - You can invoke the scrollspy with JavaScript instead of using the data attributes, by simply selecting the element to spy on, and then invoking the .scrollspy() function -
$('body').scrollspy({ target: '.navbar-example' })


Example

The following example illustrates the usage of scrollspy plugin using data attributes -

<nav id = "navbar-example" class = "navbar navbar-default navbar-static" role = "navigation">
   
   <div class = "navbar-header">
      <button class = "navbar-toggle" type = "button" data-toggle = "collapse" 
         data-target = ".bs-js-navbar-scrollspy">
         <span class = "sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
         <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
         <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
         <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
      </button>
		
      <a class = "navbar-brand" href = "#">Tutorial Name</a>
   </div>
   
   <div class = "collapse navbar-collapse bs-js-navbar-scrollspy">
      <ul class = "nav navbar-nav">
         <li><a href = "#ios">iOS</a></li>
         <li><a href = "#svn">SVN</a></li>
         
         <li class = "dropdown">
            <a href = "#" id = "navbarDrop1" class = "dropdown-toggle" data-toggle = "dropdown">
               Java
               <b class = "caret"></b>
            </a>
            
            <ul class = "dropdown-menu" role = "menu" aria-labelledby = "navbarDrop1">
               <li><a href = "#jmeter" tabindex = "-1">jmeter</a></li>
               <li><a href = "#ejb" tabindex = "-1">ejb</a></li>
               
               <li class = "divider"></li>
               <li><a href = "#spring" tabindex = "-1">spring</a></li>
            </ul>
            
         </li>
      </ul>
   </div>
   
</nav>

<div data-spy = "scroll" data-target = "#navbar-example" data-offset = "0" 
   style = "height:200px; overflow:auto; position: relative;">
   <h4 id = "ios">iOS</h4>
	
   <p>iOS is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple 
      Inc. Originally released in 2007 for the iPhone, iPod Touch, and Apple 
      TV. iOS is derived from OS X, with which it shares the Darwin 
      foundation. iOS is Apple's mobile version of the OS X operating system 
      used on Apple computers.</p>
   
   <h4 id = "svn">SVN</h4>
   
   <p>Apache Subversion which is often abbreviated as SVN, is a software 
      versioning and revision control system distributed under an open source 
      license. Subversion was created by CollabNet Inc. in 2000, but now it 
      is developed as a project of the Apache Software Foundation, and as 
      such is part of a rich community of developers and users.</p>
   
   <h4 id = "jmeter">jMeter</h4>
   
   <p>jMeter is an Open Source testing software. It is 100% pure Java 
      application for load and performance testing.</p>
   
   <h4 id = "ejb">EJB</h4>
   
   <p>Enterprise Java Beans (EJB) is a development architecture for building 
      highly scalable and robust enterprise level applications to be deployed 
      on J2EE compliant Application Server such as JBOSS, Web Logic etc.</p>
   
   <h4 id = "spring">Spring</h4>
   
   <p>Spring framework is an open source Java platform that provides 
      comprehensive infrastructure support for developing robust Java 
      applications very easily and very rapidly.</p>
   
   <p>Spring framework was initially written by Rod Johnson and was first 
      released under the Apache 2.0 license in June 2003.</p>
   
</div>

Output

When the above example is executed, it will produce the following result -

iOS

iOS is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Originally released in 2007 for the iPhone, iPod Touch, and Apple TV. iOS is derived from OS X, with which it shares the Darwin foundation. iOS is Apple's mobile version of the OS X operating system used on Apple computers.

SVN

Apache Subversion which is often abbreviated as SVN, is a software versioning and revision control system distributed under an open source license. Subversion was created by CollabNet Inc. in 2000, but now it is developed as a project of the Apache Software Foundation, and as such is part of a rich community of developers and users.

jMeter

jMeter is an Open Source testing software. It is 100% pure Java application for load and performance testing.

EJB

Enterprise Java Beans (EJB) is a development architecture for building highly scalable and robust enterprise level applications to be deployed on J2EE compliant Application Server such as JBOSS, Web Logic etc.

Spring

Spring framework is an open source Java platform that provides comprehensive infrastructure support for developing robust Java applications very easily and very rapidly.

Spring framework was initially written by Rod Johnson and was first released under the Apache 2.0 license in June 2003.


Options

Options can be passed via data attributes or JavaScript. Following table below lists the options -

Option NameType/Default ValueData attribute nameDescription
offsetnumber Default: 10data-offsetPixels to offset from top when calculating position of scroll.

Methods

.scrollspy('refresh') - When calling scrollspy through the JavaScript method, you need to call the .refresh method to update the DOM. This is helpful if any elements of the DOM have changed.

Syntax

Following is the syntax to use this method -

$('[data-spy = "scroll"]').each(function () {
   var $spy = $(this).scrollspy('refresh')
})

Example

The following example illustrates the usage of .scrollspy('refresh') method -

<nav id = "myScrollspy" class = "navbar navbar-default navbar-static" role = "navigation">
   
   <div class = "navbar-header">
      <button class = "navbar-toggle" type = "button" data-toggle = "collapse" 
         data-target = ".bs-js-navbar-scrollspy">
         <span class = "sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
         <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
         <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
         <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
      </button>
		
      <a class = "navbar-brand" href = "#">Tutorial Name</a>
   </div>
   
   <div class = "collapse navbar-collapse bs-js-navbar-scrollspy">
      <ul class = "nav navbar-nav">
         <li class = "active"><a href = "#ios">iOS</a></li>
         <li><a href = "#svn">SVN</a></li>
         
         <li class = "dropdown">
            <a href = "#" id = "navbarDrop1" class = "dropdown-toggle" data-toggle  = "dropdown">
               Java 
               <b class = "caret"></b>
            </a>
            
            <ul class = "dropdown-menu" role = "menu" aria-labelledby = "navbarDrop1">
               <li><a href = "#jmeter" tabindex = "-1">jmeter</a></li>
               <li><a href = "#ejb" tabindex = "-1">ejb</a></li>
               
               <li class = "divider"></li>
               <li><a href = "#spring" tabindex = "-1">spring</a></li>
            </ul>
            
         </li>
      </ul>
   </div>
   
</nav>

<div data-spy = "scroll" data-target = "#myScrollspy" data-offset = "0"  
   style = "height:200px; overflow:auto; position: relative;">
   
   <div class = "section">
      <h4 id = "ios">iOS<small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSection(this);">
         &times; Remove this section</a></small>
      </h4>
      
      <p>iOS is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by 
         Apple Inc. Originally released in 2007 for the iPhone, iPod Touch, and 
         Apple TV. iOS is derived from OS X, with which it shares the Darwin 
         foundation. iOS is Apple's mobile version of the OS X operating system
         used on Apple computers.</p>
   </div>
   
   <div class = "section">
      <h4 id = "svn">SVN<small></small></h4>
      <p>Apache Subversion which is often abbreviated as SVN, is a software 
         versioning and revision control system distributed under an open source 
         license. Subversion was created by CollabNet Inc. in 2000, but 
         now it is developed as a project of the Apache Software Foundation, 
         and as such is part of a rich community of developers and users.</p>
   </div>
   
   <div class = "section">
      <h4 id = "jmeter">jMeter<small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSection(this);">
         &times; Remove this section</a></small>
      </h4>
      
      <p>jMeter is an Open Source testing software. It is 100% pure Java 
         application for load and performance testing.</p>
   </div>
   
   <div class = "section">
      <h4 id = "ejb">EJB</h4>
      
      <p>Enterprise Java Beans (EJB) is a development architecture for 
         building highly scalable and robust enterprise level applications 
         to be deployed on J2EE compliant Application Server such as 
         JBOSS, Web Logic etc.</p>
   </div>
	
   <div class = "section">
      <h4 id = "spring">Spring</h4>
      
      <p>Spring framework is an open source Java platform that provides 
         comprehensive infrastructure support for developing robust Java 
         applications very easily and very rapidly.</p>
      
      <p>Spring framework was initially written by Rod Johnson and was first 
         released under the Apache 2.0 license in June 2003.</p>
   </div>
   
</div>

<script type = "text/javascript">
   $(function(){
      removeSection = function(e) {
         $(e).parents(".section").remove();
         
         $('[data-spy = "scroll"]').each(function () {
            var $spy = $(this).scrollspy('refresh')
         });
      }
      $("#myScrollspy").scrollspy();
   });
</script>

Output

When the above example is executed, it will produce the following result -

iOS × Remove this section

iOS is a mobile operating system developed and distributed by Apple Inc. Originally released in 2007 for the iPhone, iPod Touch, and Apple TV. iOS is derived from OS X, with which it shares the Darwin foundation. iOS is Apple's mobile version of the OS X operating system used on Apple computers.

SVN

Apache Subversion which is often abbreviated as SVN, is a software versioning and revision control system distributed under an open source license. Subversion was created by CollabNet Inc. in 2000, but now it is developed as a project of the Apache Software Foundation, and as such is part of a rich community of developers and users.

jMeter × Remove this section

jMeter is an Open Source testing software. It is 100% pure Java application for load and performance testing.

EJB

Enterprise Java Beans (EJB) is a development architecture for building highly scalable and robust enterprise level applications to be deployed on J2EE compliant Application Server such as JBOSS, Web Logic etc.

Spring

Spring framework is an open source Java platform that provides comprehensive infrastructure support for developing robust Java applications very easily and very rapidly.

Spring framework was initially written by Rod Johnson and was first released under the Apache 2.0 license in June 2003.



Events

The following table below lists the events to work with scrollspy. This event may be used to hook into the function -

EventDescriptionExample
activate.bs.scrollspyThis event fires whenever a new item becomes activated by the scrollspy.
$('#myScrollspy').on('activate.bs.scrollspy', function () {
   // do something…
})

Example

The following example illustrates the usage of activate.bs.scrollspy event -

<html>
   <head>
      <link rel = "stylesheet" href = "bootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css">
      <script src = "bootstrap/scripts/jquery.min.js"></script>
      <script src = "bootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
      
      <script>
         $(document).ready(function(){
            removeSection = function(e) {
               $(e).parents(".subject").remove();
            
               $('[data-spy="scroll"]').each(function () {
                  var $spy = $(this).scrollspy('refresh')
               });
            }
         
            $("#Navexample").scrollspy();
         
            // The event is fired when an item gets actived with the scrollspy
            $("#Navexample").on('activate.bs.scrollspy', function () {
               var currentSection = $(".nav li.active > a").text();
               $("#spyevent").html("Current Item being viewed >> " + currentSection);
            })
				
         });
      </script>
   
      <style>
         .scroll-box {
            height: 250px;
            position: relative;
            overflow: auto;
            font-size:2em;
         }
      </style>
   </head>
   
   <body>
      <div class = "container">
         <nav id = "Navexample" class = "navbar navbar-default" role = "navigation">
      
            <!-- Nav Bar -->
            <div class = "navbar-header">
               <button type = "button" class = "navbar-toggle" 
                  data-toggle = "collapse" data-target = "#navbarCollapse">
               
                  <span class = "sr-only">Toggle navigation</span>
                  <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
                  <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
                  <span class = "icon-bar"></span>
               </button>
					
               <a class = "navbar-brand" href = "#">WebDesignTutorialz</a>
            </div>
            
            <!-- Links and Sublinks -->
            <div class = "collapse navbar-collapse" id = "navbarCollapse">
               <ul class = "nav navbar-nav">
                  <li class = "active"><a href = "#subject-1">Subject 1</a></li>
                  <li><a href = "#subject-2">Subject 2</a></li>
               
                  <li class = "dropdown"><a href = "#" class = "dropdown-toggle" 
                     data-toggle = "dropdown">Subject 3<b class = "caret"></b></a>
                     
                     <ul class = "dropdown-menu">
                        <li><a href = "#subject-3-1">Subject 3.1</a></li>
                        <li><a href = "#subject-3-2">Subject 3.2</a></li>
                        <li><a href = "#subject-3-3">Subject 3.3</a></li>
                     </ul>
                     
                  </li>
						
                  <li><a href = "#subject-4">Subject 4</a></li>
               </ul>
            </div>
            
         </nav>
         
         <div class = "scroll-box" data-spy = "scroll" data-offset = "0">
            <div class = "subject">
            
               <h3 id = "subject-1">Subject 1 
                  <small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSubject(this);">Remove Subject ×</a></small>
               </h3>
            
               <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
                  sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna
                  aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation
                  ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</p>
            </div>
				
            <hr>
         
            <div class = "subject">
               <h3 id = "subject-2">Subject 2 
                  <small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSubject(this);">Remove Subject ×</a></small>
               </h3>
            
               <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
                  sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna
                  aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation
                  ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</p>
            </div>
				
            <hr>
         
            <div class = "subject">
               <h3 id = "subject-3">Subject 3 
                  <small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSubject(this);"> Remove Subject ×</a></small>
               </h3>
            
               <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
                  sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna
                  aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation
                  ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</p><
            </div>
				
            <hr>
            
            <div class = "subject">
               <h4 id = "subject-3-1">Subject 3.1
                  <small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSubject(this);"> Remove Subject ×</a></small>
               </h4>
               
               <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
                  sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna
                  aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation
                  ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</p>
            </div>
            
            <div class = "subject">
               <h4 id = "subject-3-2">Subject 3.2
                  <small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSubject(this);"> Remove Subject ×</a></small>
               </h4>
               
               <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
                  sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna
                  aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation
                  ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</p>
            </div>
            
            <div class = "subject">
               <h4 id = "subject-3-3">Subject 3.3 
                  <small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSubject(this);">Remove Subject ×</a></small>
               </h4>
               
               <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
                  sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna
                  aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation
                  ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</p>
            </div>
				
            <hr>
            
            <div class = "subject">
               <h3 id = "subject-4">Subject 4 
                  <small><a href = "#" onclick = "removeSubject(this);">Remove Subject ×</a></small>
               </h3>
               
               <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit,
                  sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna
                  aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation
                  ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.</p>
            </div>
            
         </div>
         <hr>
         
         <h4 id = "spyevent" class = "text-info"></h4>
      </div>
   </body>
</html>

Output

When the above example is executed, it will produce the following result -

Subject 1 Remove Subject �

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.


Subject 2 Remove Subject �

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.


Subject 3 Remove Subject �

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.


Subject 3.1 Remove Subject �

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Subject 3.2 Remove Subject �

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.

Subject 3.3 Remove Subject �

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.


Subject 4 Remove Subject �

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua. Ut enim ad minim veniam, quis nostrud exercitation ullamco laboris nisi ut aliquip ex ea commodo consequat.


Current Item being viewed >> Subject 3Subject 3.3



Alright guys! This is where we are going to be rounding up for this tutorial. In our next tutorial guide, we are going to be studying about the Bootstrap Tab Plugin.

Feel free to ask your questions where necessary and we will attend to them as soon as possible. If this tutorial was helpful to you, you can use the share button to share this tutorial.

Follow us on our various social media platforms to stay updated with our latest tutorials. You can also subscribe to our newsletter in order to get our tutorials delivered directly to your emails.

Thanks for reading and bye for now.

Post a Comment

Hello dear readers! Please kindly try your best to make sure your comments comply with our comment policy guidelines. You can visit our comment policy page to view these guidelines which are clearly stated. Thank you.
© 2021.WebDesignTutorialz. All rights reserved. Developed by Jago Desain