XML DOM | appendChild Method

XML DOM - appendChild Method


Hello folks! welcome back to a new edition of our tutorial on XML DOM. In this tutorial, we are going to be studying about the XML DOM appendChild Method.

The XML DOM appendChild method is used to add a node after the last child node of the specified element node.

Syntax

The following below is the syntax to use the appendChild Method -

nodeObject.appendChild(newChild)

Parameter Details

S.No.Parameter & Description
1

newChild

It is the new node to be added/appended. It is of type Node.


Return Value

This method returns the added node.

Example

Following below are the node.xml contents -

<?xml version = "1.0"?>
<Company>
   <Employee category = "Technical">
      <FirstName>Kennedy</FirstName>
      <LastName>Nkpara</LastName>
      <ContactNo>1234567890</ContactNo>
      <Email>kennedynkpara@xyz.com</Email>
   </Employee>
   
   <Employee category = "Non-Technical">
      <FirstName>Stephanie</FirstName>
      <LastName>Francis</LastName>
      <ContactNo>1234667898</ContactNo>
      <Email>stephaniefrancis@xyz.com</Email>
   </Employee>
   
   <Employee category = "Management">
      <FirstName>Justice</FirstName>
      <LastName>Dauglas</LastName>
      <ContactNo>1234562350</ContactNo>
      <Email>justicedauglas@xyz.com</Email>
   </Employee>
</Company>


The following example below illustrates the usage of the appendChild method -

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <script>
         function loadXMLDoc(filename) {
            if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
               xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
            } else // code for IE5 and IE6 {
               xhttp = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
            }
            xhttp.open("GET",filename,false);
            xhttp.send();
            return xhttp.responseXML;
         }
      </script>
   </head>
   <body>
      <script>
         xmlDoc = loadXMLDoc("/dom/node.xml");

         create_e = xmlDoc.createElement("PhoneNo");

         x = xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("FirstName")[0];
         x.appendChild(create_e);
         document.write("Appended child is : ")
         document.write(x.getElementsByTagName("PhoneNo")[0].nodeName);
      </script>
   </body>
</html>

Output

Save file as nodemethod_appendchild.html on the server's path (this file and node.xml should be on the same path in your server). This gives us the following output below -

Appended child is : PhoneNo


Alright guys! This is where we are going to be rounding up for this tutorial post. In our next tutorial, we are going to be discussing about XML DOM cloneNode Method.

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