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Css Introduction

Hello dear readers! welcome back to another whole new section of my tutorial. For those of you that have being following up with my tutorials, you all know that we have finished our tutorials on Html and in this tutorial i want to introduce Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to you guys.

Cascading Style Sheets, generally referred to as CSS, is a simple design language meant for the purpose of simplifying the process of making web pages presentable.

Cascading Style Sheets handles the look of a web page. Using CSS, you can control the color of the text, the style of fonts, the spacing between paragraphs, how columns are sized and laid out, what background images or colors are used, as well as a variety of other effects.

CSS is an easy language to learn and understand but it provides a very powerfull control over the presentation of a Html document. Most commonly, CSS is combined with the makeup languages Html or XHTML.

RECOMMENDED: Css Positioning 

Advantages of CSS

  • CSS saves time - You can write CSS once and reuse the same sheet in multiple Html pages. You can define a style sheet for each Html element and apply it to as many web pages as you want.
  • Easy maintenance - In order to make a global change, simply change the style, and all the elements in all web pages is going to be updated automatically.
  • Pages load faster - If you are using CSS, you do not need to write Html tag attributes every time. Just write one CSS rule of a tag and apply it to all the occurrences of that tag. So less codes means faster download times.
  • Superior style to HTML - CSS has a much wider array of attributes than Html, so you can give a far better look to your Html web page compared to Html attributes.
  • Global web standards - Now Html attributes are being deprecated and it is being recommended to use CSS. So it's a good practice to start making use of CSS in all your Html pages to make them compatible with future browsers.
  • Many Device Compatibility - Style sheets allow content to be optimized for more than one type of device. By using the same Html document, different versions of a website can be presented for handheld devices such as PDAs and mobile phones or for printing.

Who Creates and Maintains CSS?

Css is created and maintained through a group of people within the W3C called the CSS Working Group. This Group creates various documents called specifications. When a specification have been discussed and officially ratified by the W3C members, it becomes a recommendation.


These ratified specifications are called recommendations because the W3C has no control over the actual implementation of the language. Independent companies and organizations create that software.

NOTE: The World Wide Web Consortium or W3C is a group that makes recommendations about how the Internet works and how it should evolve.

CSS Versions

The Cascading Style Sheets level 1 (CSS1) came out of W3C as a recommendation in December 1996. This version describes the CSS language as well as a simple visual formatting model for all the HTML tags.


Cascading Style sheets 2 (CSS2) became a W3C recommendation in May 1998 and builds on CSS1. This version of CSS adds support for media-specific style sheets e.g printers and aural devices, element positioning, downloadable fonts, and tables.

Alright guys! This is where we are rounding up for this tutorial post. In my next tutorial, we are going to be studying about CSS Snytax.

Feel free to ask your questions where necessary and i will attend to them as soon as possible. If this tutorial was helpful to you, you can use the share button to share this tutorial.

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Thanks for reading and bye for now.

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